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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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ment as applied by the Russians was in itself humiliating^ although the
World Press did not seem to regard it in this light. The British Press put
forward the problem of recompense for Poland on the West and North and
stated that " the Poles would want to be assured that the Russian suggestion
that at the Peace Conference, Poland shall be given East Prussia and the
whole of the Silesian region is endorsed by the Allies generally,"
The Poles realised the full implications of the Soviet language, and
were aware that the question of the ' Curzon Line ' was of less importance
to Moscow than a c friendly * Government which would fail in line with
all its wishes. Nevertheless, the Polish Government gave an answer to
the Kremlin. This answer had been c elaborated ' and * agreed * upon
with London and Washington and was published on January 15.
cc 1. The Polish Government have taken cognisance of the declaration of
the Soviet Government contained in the Tass communique of January 113
which was issued as a reply to the declaration of the Polish Government of
January 5.
Cf 2. The Soviet communique contains a number of statements to which a
complete answer is afforded by the ceaseless struggle against the Germans
waged at the heaviest cost by the Polish nation under the direction of the
Polish ^ Government. In their earnest anxiety to safeguard the complete
solidarity of the United Nations^ especially at this decisive stage of their
struggle against the common enemy, the Polish Government consider it
to be preferable now to refrain from further public discussions.
" 3. While the Polish Government cannot recognise unilateral decisions
or accomplished facts which have taken place or might take place on the
territory of the Polish Republic, they have repeatedly expressed their
sincere desire for a Polish-Soviet agreement on terms which would be just
and acceptable to both sides.
cc 4. To this end the Polish Government are approaching the British and
United States Governments with a view to securing through their inter-
mediacy the discussion by the Polish and Soviet Governments, with the
participation of the British and American Governments, of all outstanding
questions, the settlement of which should lead to friendly and permanent
co-operation between Poland and the Soviet Union. The Polish Govern-
ment believes this to be desirable in the interest of the victory of the United
Nations and harmonious relations in post-war Europe."
On the whole., the British and American Press regarded, the Polish
answer as c most encouraging * and * hopeful/ " The Polish Govern-
ment.," emphasised the News Chronicle, a paper which had hitherto never
shown any great sympathy towards that Government, " has done wisely
in refraining from polemics and seizing the opportunity offered by
Russia's initiative." The British Press advised the Polish Government
to bring to bear a policy of c realism/ Half of Poland was at stake,,
however, and someone had to realise that its loss would affect the whole
balance of the State and, together with it, Eastern and Central Europe.
The Manchester Guardian ironically commented that" the Polish Govern-
ment in London is given the credit of having adopted a more realistic
attitude^ but its members do not appear to have received any indication of